What is a enamelware?
enamelware art is the combination of metals with colors, which is a five-thousand-year history that is considered as Isfahan crafts. The enamelware is made on gold, silver, and mousse, but today it is mostly copper.
The advantage that gold has in silver and silver has that as metal is thats not oxidized when the melt is melting; therefore, designs can be created with more complete details on the enamel, while silver and copper can not be shaped with this quality.
The composition of metal oxides in the presence of a high temperature of 850 ° C with several types of salt causes the formation of enamel in different colors over time and on the basis of temperature. The center of production of Mina is in Iran and the city of Isfahan, and there are some prominent works in it.
enamelware: Painting and decorating on metals such as gold, silver and copper with special glazing colors that are baked and proven under extreme temperatures.
An artistic enamelware with a background of five thousand years is a combination of fire and earth mixed with paintings that create beautiful designs. According to some experts, this art has been formed in Iran and then has gone to other countries.
Of course, in Europe there are ancient works that have a very long history. For example, six gold ringes dating back to thirteen decades of the year have been found in Cyprus, which are an example of pearl marmot. The famous royal statue of Zeus, found in Greece, dates back to 500 BC.
The peak of Minakari art dates back to the Seljuk period, when it was customary for brass and pearls, and this work was also sent to neighboring countries in Iran. The precious example of this period is the "Alb Arslan Tray", a beautiful example of pug on silver, and is held today at the Boston Fine Arts Museum.
This work was made by Professor Hasan Kashani and his name was carved with a Kofi line.
In the Department of Islamic Arts of Berlin and at the Metropolitan Museum of New York, a sample of Sassanian plates is kept, which is made up of pearls. The works of the Armitagean of St.
Petersburg and the French and English Literary Museums are also seen elsewhere.
The enamel is divided into two types according to the production method:
The old style is made using very thin wires. These wires are used in a variety of shapes on a piece and covered with a glass glaze, then placed inside the furnace under a temperature of 1000 degrees, and the welds are fed into a piece.
At this stage With the paint on the surface of the punnet, after working on the surface of the workpiece, the surface of the work is placed in an upright position of 1000 degrees for 3 minutes, reaching the final stage.
This kind of pug has been commonplace in Isfahan and Tehran, but it is currently only a workshop for this type of cultural heritage. An example of this is the "Black Enamel", which is also known as the "Saiban Mint". This type of pug is mainly made in the southern regions of the country, especially Ahvaz.
In this method, the first step is to investigate the controversy in the design of the plot and then to work on it with the teacher. This step is three to four times, and each time it stays in the glaze, it stays in the temple under a temperature of 700 degrees.
Then it is painted and then re-inscribed in the shape of the tardymadeh 400 to 500 degrees. Vorges are in the desired shape. The colors used in the past are mineral and honey, but today, chemical colors are often used.
The transparency of the enamel is also due to oxidation.
Colors used in painting:
Vegetable colors that are also used in chipping.
Mineral paints used in painting and pug.
Metal hinges that work on the object.
The miners produce a variety of works, of which the most common are:
Pots, bowls, photo frames, plates and pockets of buckles, pillowcases, pillows, miniature pots and pans.
Pinnacle boxes in Shiite Imams and religious places.
Decorative items such as makeup boxes, pockets and pots, tea and syrup, hookahs, Quran boxes, armor, mirrors, pendants, belts, enamelware bubbles, golabash springs, albums, etc. Women's accessories .The Enamelware prices are varies according to the weight and precision of the products.
The tool used in enamelware:
Laminates of the genus (copper, gold, iron-silver, Warsaw, and rice) are used far more than pure gold due to the fact that more non-oxidation in the enamel melting temperature is used.
Bow saw and metal saws
Enamel Enamel Article
The color (vegetable, mineral or metal), which is powdered in the original enamel of colored enamels, have a relatively low melting point of the underlying enamel.
Silica, carbonate, sodium, potassium, lime and quartz are also the chemical materials used in this art.
The method of holding penny objects
Because the enamel shades are covered with transparent glazes, washing with hot water and sponge does not damage the dishes, but you should avoid pulling sharp objects and knocking it out, as knocking causes it to fade. It also removes some of the enamel paints.
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