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The Isfahan Forestry with an approximate area of 500 square meters and an area of 850 square meters is one of the most important historical and tourist attractions of Isfahan province. The market of confectionery is located in the center of the gold market in Eshghaneh Square. This building was constructed in 1021 AH during the period of Shah Abbas I and at the same time as the construction of the big market of Isfahan.
In 1349, due to the industrialization of this profession, the continuation of the work was not economical, and the factory was shut down for 30 years, until in 2000, the organization of renovation and improvement of the municipality of Isfahan bought the fortification from the last owner of it, and in 1380 It was restored and restored for two years. This building has become a museum in these days and it is exposed to the visitors of Isfahan.
The fortress in the ancient cities of Iran was referred to as special mills, which were used to crush items such as stones, turmeric, pepper, and the like. The fortress was the area in which the two pieces of stone were rounded together, and these two pieces of stone were connected, on one side, with a lever to a quadruped head, such as an ass, a camel, a mule or a horse. By moving the animal, which was rotational, the rocks would move in the mill, and by turning this stone, what was being done to the material that was poured into the middle of the stone was soft.
Architecture of the royal court
The central part of the mansion is on a floor with a height of about 11 meters and three dome-shaped spaces with a cross section of Kajwa have been created. The ceilings are arched and fountain-shaped, and the ceiling lightings provide lighting for the fence. The reason was the construction of a dome-shaped roof due to the cool keeping of the site for the maintenance of oil in the exhaust. The walls and ceiling are adorned and made for use without any work, frameworks, ornaments and windows. The main space has five parts: a counter, a dock, a camel-box, a fireplace and a fireplace. Unfortunately, now the parts of the counter (the entrance to the forage), the dock (the place for the discharge and storage of the seeds) and the camel (the place where the camels are kept) have disappeared. The eastern part of the forearm is formed in two floors. The upper floor is known as a hothouse and is used to clean and boil the oily seeds. At the bottom of the floor is an octagonal room that holds the holders of oil.
In the middle of the horizontal bar of the mill is a hole named Toure, which is a wooden cylindrical rod of a rod called a rod; the vertical stone that is larger is made up of a long wooden beam made of ash-tree or vesk wood, called a stain, It will be closed.
The millstones are located in the central part of the city, which was called the "fence" because of the beams of oil. The genus of these rocks is a hard rock that has been extracted from the Lasve Mine near Ardestan of Isfahan. In the middle of the horizontal stone of the mill there is a hole named Toure, which contains a cylindrical barrel called a rod. The larger vertical stone is made up of an extruded camel by a long wooden beam made of ash-tree or Veska typewort and called a stain. The male was an exterminated camel and was packed with sacks, pins, and chains, to be able to throw the millstone round, in addition to bending the eyes of the camel while rolling around the mill to avoid dizziness.
In the past, they used to call an extract from the oilseeds like Poppy, Kike (Medaeb), Bidanjir (Castric), Brazek, Fatshah and ... Oil. In the old days, extraction was considered one of the most important jobs. According to archaeologists, and according to evidence and evidence, oil production from vegetable seeds in Iran has existed for about 7,000 years ago, and was originally prepared with simple tools. The use of oil produced from gardens in mosques, schools and homes has made these buildings a respectable and sacred people.
It was said to the people about the sanctity of the fortress because the wooden beams were usually 10 to 12 meters in length, and it was difficult to move and move them in the streets of the city, where the movement of a wooden beam with a wall or obstacle was encountered and there It was damaging not just the protest from the owners of buildings and mansions, but the owner of the house considered the destruction as a blessing and he was sorry for it.
Except for the Shah's fortress in Isfahan province, there were other mines in the province and surrounding towns in the past, which is not a trace of any of them.
The lubrication process in the extract
1 At first, oil seeds were classified from the dock to the side of the counter and classified according to their type of use (edible, fuel, pharmaceutical, soap, coloring, lubrication, etc.).
The seeds were transferred to the oven and roasted with fire to become crisp and fragile.
Three seeds are introduced into the grinding part, and they move through the stone, which is tied to the lower part of the camel by a long wooden slab, to grind and soften.
4. Add some water to crushed beans to form a paste that was called "pulp".
5 The masses of the pulp obtained on the woven staves of the palm tree were called cupolas.
Six pieces were placed one on top of each other in a tilewood (long vertical cylinder with wooden window).
Seven pieces of cylindrical wood, called pollen, placed on the last copper centered on metal.
8, using a small oil spray called Karmaal, whose head was fixed on the opposite wall, and its bottom was pulled down by a large rock called bennet, low
Esfahan, Naghsh Jahan Square, the beginning of the market