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The castle was built in 1507 under the command of Alfonso Albercourt, a Portuguese sailor on the northern side of Qeshm Island and on the coast of the Persian Gulf.
Albuquerque occupied the islands of the Gulf, and in this way dominated the commercial course between India and Europe, the Portuguese occupation of the important naval waterway lasted 110 years. During this period, they began to build fortifications and fortifications, including fortifications of Hormuz, Qeshm and Lark. In 1623, this castle and other bases in the mouth of the Persian Gulf were seized as one of the Safavid commanders, and Iranians are today the most valuable The waterways of the world are dominant.
Qeshm castle with more than 2,000 square meters of limestone and gypsum stone made of local marmot and over several centuries has been strengthened. This is the right cornerstone of the castle.
Quadrilateral is in quadrangles and arms that balls and catapults are based on its width. Qeshm castle is functional because it has a large warehouse or ammunition and weapons storage facility that has helped other forts in emergency situations. The Portuguese castle was a castle forging to connect with the castle of Hormuz and delivering supplies and services to this central castle in Qeshm.
Portuguese fortresses exist in most parts of the Persian Gulf, in Qeshm, Kong, Oman, Ras al-Khaimah, Qeshm, Hormuz, and elsewhere. These castles with irregular four-legged plan, with walls of about 3.5 meters in diameter, and towers with a height of about 12 meters in four corners of the castle.
The castles of Qeshm's Portuguese include gun caches, large warehouses, soldiers' rooms, prisons, churches, headquarters, and the hall. The church of some of these castles has two rows of circular stone columns with beautiful arches of coral rocks. The Portuguese fortresses are one of the landmarks of Hormozgan province.
Ehsan Yaghmai was taken out of the castle in the year 78. This archaeologist has been exploring this castle in the spring of 2000.
In November 2008, after excavations of the power company in the 500-meter range of the Portuguese castle, an old tunnel attached to the castle was discovered in Qeshm.
The tunnel attached to the Portuguese castle was the route for the escape of Portuguese commanders and military forces, as well as the location of their military ammunition. This tunnel extends to the area of Sa'di field in Qeshm, about three kilometers in length.
The tunnel is said to continue on the basis of some traditions from the Portuguese castle in Qeshm to the Kharbes caves (15 kilometers south of Qeshm).
Look at the situation of the Portuguese castle in Qeshm
From the colonial semi-colonial period of Portugal, some of the ports and the southern islands of Iran have remained nothing but a few historic castles; strong fortresses built to protect Portuguese soldiers against the possible rioting of Iranian harbors. The fortresses ensured the presence of these colonists in southern Iran and their dominance over the sea trade for over 110 years. This period lasted from 1514 to 1623. This year, Shah Abbas's troops under the leadership of Imam Gholi Khan, with the help of British forces, expelled the Portuguese from the island of Hormuz, their main headquarters, and lowered their flag over the island.
389 years since that date, but the remains of Portuguese castles still remain in some Iranian ports and islands. These castles now only have Portuguese titles and are part of the historic tourist attractions of Iran. Every year, thousands of tourists from around the country visit these castles, which are located almost in most areas of the Gulf, at Qeshm port, Kang, Oman, Ras Al Khaimah, Qeshm, Hormuz and elsewhere travel to these areas. The architecture of these castles is similar. These castles are planted with irregular quadrangles, walls with a diameter of about 3.5 meters, and towers with a height of about 12 meters in four corners.
How did Portuguese colonies start?
After the Ottoman Empire and the capture of Constantinople (Istanbul) in 453 by Turks and the disappearance of the Silk Road trade route, trade relations between Asia and Europe were confronted. On the other hand, the competition between the Venetian merchants and other Europeans over the expensive commodities of the East drove Europeans into thinking of finding new trade routes in the eastern regions, which led to a new round of colonization in Muslim countries, especially India and India. During the fifteenth century, the Portuguese worked hard to take up this important trade. Consequently, they sent various fleets along with seafarers such as Vasco Dugoma, Bartolo Ma'Dis, Prodi Quillians to identify these areas to the east and south coast of Africa, south India and Saudi Arabia.
Prior to the arrival of the Portuguese, the maritime trade was in the hands of the Arabs of Oman and Yemen, the Portuguese had forcibly abandoned the trade and had for centuries.
In 1506, Alfonso Alfökker, the famous Portuguese admiral who traveled to the Portuguese colonies in Asia, traveled to the Persian Gulf, according to the incident, and became familiar with those areas, and immediately, by attending the court of Manuel, the Portuguese king, plotted to occupy the Gulf And passed it. Alfonso Alfokker arrived in Hormuz for the first time a few years later, pushing the ruler of the island and having to pay tribute to the Portuguese.
In 1514, he again attacked Hormuz and seized the island, and Saifuddin ruled Hormuz as the emir of the Democratic Republic of Portugal under the rule of Hormuz. The Portuguese continued to increase the amount of Hormuz's tribute, so that it ranged from 15 thousand to one hundred thousand seraphim. In this period, Hormuz is considered as a beautiful, prosperous, prosperous city. TeesThe sadness of the Portuguese was very detrimental to Hormoz for the Iranian economy. At the same time, Alfokrak built a stronghold on Hormuz Beach. This castle is known as the "Portuguese castle". Following a series of attacks by the Portuguese on the island of Hormuz, a treaty was signed between Iran and Portugal. Under this treaty, Iran recognized Hormoz as the Portuguese colony. This domination of the commercial and economic affairs of Hormuz continued until the time of Shah Abbas I, but Shah Abbas's forces under the leadership of Imam Gholi Khan in 1623, with the help of the British, expelled the Portuguese from Hormuz and drove their flag over the island of Hormuz . In 1660, Oman troops captured Muscat. In this way, the most important Portuguese basin in the Oman Sea was eliminated, and thus the Portuguese domination of the Persian Gulf region ended after 150 years. In fact, it can be said that during the rule of Shah Isma'il Safavid, the Portuguese He used his preoccupation with the Ottomans in the northwest of the country and declared it in the Gulf waters. Colonialists, after occupying parts of the Persian Gulf, built fortresses that today have become part of them. Among the castle complex in southern Iran, the Portuguese castles in Hormoz, Qeshm and Chabahar are more famous than the rest.
Qeshm Island, Qeshm City, Portuguese Castle