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Chehelsotun palace

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Description

View of Chehel Soton Palace in Qazvin

The Chehelsotun palace was built in the year 951 AH during the reign of Shah Tahmasb Safavid in Qazvin. King Tahmasb built the palace after the capital's transfer from Tabriz to Qazvin due to threats by the Ottoman government. He purchased the Zangi Abad lands belonging to one of the elders and trustees of the city of Qazvin, called the world-class desk, and constructed the building.

According to some, the Cheleston Palace building was built during the fifth year of the reign of Shah Abbas II. Shah Tahmasb used to construct this building from skilled architects and constructed it as a square-shaped garden in the form of a typical architect's map. The pavilion mansion and the magnificent Qapu palace are the only remaining monuments of the Qazvin gardens of the Safavid period.

Chehelsotoon Qazvin

The mansion was reconstructed by Mohammad Baqer Saad al-Saltaneh during the Qajar period, and the name of the Quel'iston of that period was erected.
The Chehelsotun mansion was registered in the Register of Islamic Monuments of Iran in February 1334 in the registration number 389. This palace was identified and used in the year 1337 AH as a treasure of historical and ancient objects and has now become the Qazvin Museum of Calligraphy.

Chehelsotoon palace

The area of ​​the Chehelsotun Qazvin mansion is about 500 square meters, consisting of two floors, and a building built in the form of an octagon, among which are the great mansions, halls, porches and beautiful basins. This historic complex has 23 palaces and 7 halls at the entrance. Is.

The Chehelsotun mansion of Qazvin has a large area, extending from the street in the green field of the current field to the Naderi courtyard, and the width of the garden has been drawn from the post office to the western wall of the National Bank. Now the streets around the garden have destroyed a lot of gardens, and the other part has turned into the green square of the square to the public gardens.

The garden was very large, stretching from the street in the north of the green field to the northern courtyard and its width from the front of the post office and telegraph office to the western wall of the National Bank Branch, but the streets destroyed a lot of this garden and the section The magnificent Shrine of the Square was assigned to the public gardens.

It is built around a stony building with a brick and a half-circle and has a porch that is the pillars of this wooden porch. The map is designed in the form of crossover and extraterrestrial axes. The first floor has four chambers built in a spacious hall with different structures.

The building has four openings that have already been open for air conditioning, but are now closed on the verandahs to preserve this monument and its interior decoration. The entrance is made steeply that guides the flow of air to the center of the palace. There are brick columns with semicircular arches on this floor. The walls of this floor are depicted in the paintings of the Safavid and Qajar era Is covered.

Mogharnas is very beautiful on the roof of this floor. There are ponds on this floor, which is just like the pond in the north and south of the palace. The presence of the pond on this floor has made the air inside. At present, the southern pond and the ponds built on the first floor are rebuilt and restored, but the ponds on the north side have been destroyed and the water jet has been cut off to prevent destruction and moisture inside the building.

The four-story garden is built on four sides, four streets. The longest and widest street is the South Street, which is, of course, cleaner and more beautiful. Plantain trees are planted with special order on each side of each of the four streets and there are fruit trees seen throughout the garden.

 

Decoration of Chehelsotun Qazvin Palace

On the walls of the first floor are paintings depicted in the examples of the art of painting in the Qazvin School, and it has a worldwide reputation. These paintings are unique in their kind and reflect the historicity of this building. The number of these paintings is not known, but according to Judge Ahmad Haqi Abdol Malik Shirazi has been painting gold from gold.

These paintings also cited historic events such as the rise of the Afshariyah period and Nader Shah's rule, and the emergence of the Qajar period, which is seen in the third layer of the castle of Chehelsotun Palace. According to some of the buildings of the Eight Paradise in Isfahan, the pattern was constructed. Due to the fact that the building is carefully described by historians, the names of architects, artists and painters of this building are not known.

Abdi Bagh Shirazi, a poet and historian of the Safavid period, considers paintings of the palace to be Mirza Ali Nazahaz, Mozafar Ali Nakhsh, Ali Asghar Kashi, Abdul Jabbar Astarabadi and Reza Abbasi, who were the most skilled teachers of the time.


Another building built in Safavid times is Isfahan Chehelsotun Palace .

Ghazvin Chehelsotun Palace

Location


Qazvin, South of Sabzeh Square (Azadi Square)

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