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History of the Chogha Zanbil Temple

The ziggurat temple was built on the orders of the great king of Ilam, the name of Ontas Gal, in the early 13th century BC, to honor the inshushinak, the guard of the city of Susa. The historical temple was destroyed by Assyria Bonipal, the king of the Assyrian tribes, along with the Ilam civilization.

This building has an exceptional and universal value. Ziggurat is located 35 km from Shoshtar and 40 km south-east of Shosh city, but it is considered to be part of the city of Sehos due to the state of the country and the geographical position that is located west of the Dez River. For centuries, the building was buried in a subcutaneous form in the shape of a daisy, until it was excavated at the time of Pahlavi II by the Frenchman Roman Hirschmann.

The excavation of this building, which was buried under the soil for many years, has made the world of knowledge more ancient than the ancient Persians, but over time, the natural erosion of the building and the unshakeable construction of the building in front of them damaged a lot of this brickwork And the remainder of the upper classes was more exposed to severe erosion. What is the Chagaznbil?


chogha zanbil ziggurat iran

Choghaznbil, another name for the Ziggurat temple, is a local term that consists of the two words "Chug" in Lari meaning "hill" and "zebail" meaning "lightbox" that refers to the place of the temple that is the hill, and it They have been likened to overthrow. The other name of the "Round-Onesh" temple is "The Entente Forge", which is most often referred to by archaeologists with this name.


Entrance to the temple of ziggurat

chogha zanbil architecture

The building was originally 52 meters high and was built from 5 floors. But today, the only thing left is only 2 floors and half its height is 25 meters. The Chugha Zanbil basin includes a 105-meter square at 105 meters, with its sides facing the main east, west, north and south sides. The ziggurat is in the form of a square whose circular fences are located. The number four is known as a sacred number in architecture.
In the vicinity of Ontash, three well-built tiled fences are located, the palace palaces and shrines of the Elamite kings are located between the first and second fences. Between the second and third fences are the remains of the water treatment plant, which is considered to be the oldest water supply facility.

Its water was digested and constructed by a canal from the Karkheh River and was supplied at a distance of 45 kilometers. The main temple (ziggurat) is located at the center of the third fence. Unlike all Mesopotamian ziggurans, the temples were not built on each other, but each floor was built independently from the ground up to the top.

Apart from the first and fifth floors, all classes are filled with clay, the fifth floor, the highest class, was the place of the idols of that time. The most important of these idols, God is "Inshshinak" or a special god of the city of Susa. On the walls of the fence, there are gutters at an approximate distance of 47 to 50 meters.

These gutters are designed to drain the water out of the fence and distantly to prevent the penetration of water under the wall and around the gutters. A magnificent entrance that appears on the wall of the city's fence on the southeastern side of the three sides, which is the entrance of the king. The temple consists of three palaces

The Tombs' House:

It is located in the south-east of the temple and near the third fence, which is called the shrine, and the shrine's palace was built in this area. Due to the existence of five tomb underground, the crypt is called in this palace. That is the tomb of kings and princes of Elamite.

Palace No. 2:

The palace consists of three courtyards and is made with raw clay. There are several rooms and a bathroom in this palace.

Palace No. 3:

This palace is located in the eastern Deco Valley of the outer fence of the city and has two courtyards. The courtyards of this palace, like the 2nd palace, are surrounded by rooms, but with more facilities and comfort than the palace rooms 2.

The solar temple adjacent to the temple:

The ziggurat and surrounding binaries forming a unitary unit, a solar observatory or sunny calendar to calculate the sun's rotation, find out the count of the year and the calendar, and extract the calendar and identify the first and middle days of each season or the equinoxes of spring and autumn And the summer and winter revolutions.


ziggourat choghazanbil

The special shape of this arc or a series of arrows that are tiny in size are initially made for a special sunscreen application. In Crucifixion, the bricks of these sunburners are specially designed and molded for the same purpose and have a special octagonal shape. On the six outer sides of a ridge of these bricks, the inscriptions on the line and the Elamite language, the translation is as follows.
(I, Ountes Gal, the son of Hoomanunna, King Ezal, and Susa, I built a respectable building here, a cyan-cook. In many years and many kingdoms I got a long kingdom. I built one for my god of gall and inshishin. ))
In the design of the sunburst, changes in the angles between the corners of the sunburst with the changes in the sun's angle are equal at the beginning of each chapter of the year, and in other words, these sunshades are designed and constructed that can be seen at sunrise or sunset by observing the shadows formed of it, the beginning Or the middle or end of each season that is matched by spring or autumnal modifications and the summer and winter revolutions.



To travel to Khuzestan and visit the temple of Choghaznbil Bar journey.
Another tourist destination of Khuzestan province is Castle Dow Girl. Read .

Ziggurat temple replica


Khuzestan, 40 km from Shosh city and 35 km from Shoshtar, near the Haft Tape area

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