Apadana palace

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Apadana Palace of Susa

The Apadana Palace is one of the most interesting and spectacular historical monuments of Khuzestan province in the city of Shoush. It is one of the historic palaces of this city. This historic site dates from the thirty-nineth session of the World Heritage Committee's World Heritage Committee in 2015. it is arrived.

Apadana is not the name of a fortress, but the ancient name of an institution known as columnar halls. The Apadana Palace, the palace of the Achaemenid kings, was founded in the years 515-521 BCE on the orders of Darius the Great.

An old building that has gained great majesty on its own, and has opened up every admirer of history. This building was registered in 2001 with the number 3981 as a national monument.


Achaemenid Shush

The historic site of Shush was home to farmers in 9000 BC, in 5000 BC people lived in the castle, and since 4,000 years ago, it is the first place on earth to create urban life. In 1849, several excavations on the remains of the city of Susa began, when the Apadana Palace was excavated in the years 1311 to 1314, and after 70 years it was registered in the National Catalog of Iran in 2001 in the number 3981 . In 2015, it also entered the global record.

This palace is also called by the name of the store or appendage. Ashurbanipal conquered the city of Susa between 465-460 BC, making it the same. Darius the First Achaemenid reconstructed there and set up his Apadana Palace on a hill.

Where is Apadana Palace?

An inscription found in this palace, written in the words of Darius's promise and the description of the palace building. According to the inscription inscribed on this inscription, this palace was burned in the years after Darius died during the reign of Artaxeres I (Darius's grandson) and later restored and restored by Ardeshir II (the grandson of Darius). The palace has been built on an area of ​​10,443 square meters.

The palaces in the Persepolis complex are located on rows of rock that are famous for the mountain range of Rahmat. In fact, the flattening and paving of a part of more than 12 hectares is very difficult and difficult, while at the Apadana Palace of Susa, beyond the magnificent art of architecture, which is interesting and admirable in its kind, because in this beautiful complex Natural is not the same as the Persepolis complex, and the designers and builders of this palace used an artificial platform.

The architect and designers of this ancient mansion have designed and constructed a number of different sections, including the public court hall, the harem, the gates, the palace, and the three central courtyards. In the bricks, this palace is decorated by ancient Iranian artists. Imperial Imperial Artifacts, Winged Wings and Lily Flowers are seen.

The palace is made up of a three-verandah-shaped mansion with several columns in the northern, western and eastern sections. Is. The Apadana Palace has many rooms and suites, which are currently only 110 rooms and the hall has been discovered by explorers. The palace has 6 courtyards, with 3 vast courtyards around the eastern and western axis and 3 smaller yards on the northern side of the Apadana Palace.

In the central part of the hall there is a famous central hall. Architectural experts estimate the size of the central hall 58 by 58 meters, with 36 columns with a height of columns of about 20 meters and made with cow-shaped columns. The porches each have two rows of 6 columns.


The relief of the Apadana Palace

The prominent Archangels of the Apadana Palace are actually the image of four soldiers who are face to face and slowly parading. Each soldier takes their two hands to the spear and hangs from the shoulders of each one. The arcs at the end lead to a duck's head. Each of the spears is held vertically and their end section is leaning on the front of the archers.

On each of the archers, there is a long Persian dress that extends close to the shoe and makes their striking sleeves a notable crescent. Each of the four archeologists has a great deal of charisma, and the hairy, freshened hair with a metallic hem and pencil is guided to the back of the neck. Embellished motifs on the wall are green, brown, white, and yellow enamelled glazes, and there are rows of flowers and decorations around the archers around the archers.

The craftsmen who worked for Darius I in the making of the Apadana Palace revived Eliami in the late 2nd millenium BC.
In 1880, a group of French archaeologists led by Marzal Diolafu, drove this palace from the soil and smashed the columns and palaces of the palace into France, and moved from the Apadana Palace, once the Dariush-i-Hiwi winter capital Until the time of Alexander's invasion of Iran, he retained his greatness. There is now nothing but a ruin from this palace, and there is no such thing as a former palace. Most of the things left, now kept in the Louvre Museum.


The photo and plan of the Apadana Palace were also attached.


Map of Apadana

The other historical monuments of Khuzestan is Choghazenbil (Ziggurat temple).

Column survivor Anahita House


Khuzestan, Shosh city, next to Shosh castle

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